Part 16 – Recap on the last 30 months of OKAAP Collaboration
By Oklahoma Newborn Hearing Screening Program & Oklahoma Audiology Taskforce
A great deal has changed over the past 10 years in identifying children with hearing loss – including changes in the role of physicians in this process. Therefore the Oklahoma Newborn Hearing Screening Program collaborated with the National Center for Hearing Assessment and Management (NCHAM) at Utah State University, Boys Town National Research Hospital, and the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center – Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders to conduct a statewide survey to understand what physicians in Oklahoma think, know, and feel about newborn hearing screening and follow up. Results from the survey have been used over the last 30 months by the Oklahoma Newborn Hearing Screening Program (NHSP)/Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) program to develop resources for Oklahoma physicians and their patients related to newborn hearing screening and follow up. Fifteen articles have been written for the Oklahoma American Academy of Pediatrics (OKAAP) E-Newsletter in 2014-2016. Additional articles and topics will be provided throughout 2017.
In 2005 Boys Town and the National Center for Hearing Assessment and Management (NCHAM) collaborated with the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) to survey a national sample of almost 2,000 physicians regarding their “knowledge, attitudes, and practices” related to Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) programs. The purpose of this self-reported survey was to understand the extent to which physicians were knowledgeable about infant hearing screening practices, their attitudes about screening effectiveness, and what actions they employ within their practices to support EHDI. Survey findings guided many of the trainings and resources created by AAP, NCHAM, Boys Town, and EHDI coordinators to support the role of physicians.
In 2012, the national AAP EHDI Task Force encouraged NCHAM and Boys Town to conduct a follow-up survey to determine if there have been changes in knowledge, attitudes and practices.
Since the initial results clearly revealed that physician involvement is one of the keys to having an effective EHDI program, additional states were asked to participate in the project to determine a nationwide view of physician’s knowledge and understanding. In 2013, the Oklahoma Newborn Hearing Screening Program (NHSP) sent surveys to 2,499 physicians currently serving Oklahoma pediatric patients. NCHAM and Boys Town worked together to analyze the state-specific results and provided Oklahoma with a summary.
Upon receipt of the results, the NHSP partnered with an Audiology doctoral candidate to compare the 2005 findings with Oklahoma’s 2013 results. Overall, when Oklahoma physicians were compared with providers throughout the natiothe project revealed similar outcomes across the two surveys. Of the doctors who responded to the survey, over 55% indicated their medical training did NOT adequately prepare them to meet the needs of infants with hearing loss. To meet this need, the Oklahoma Audiology Taskforce (OKAT) developed resources for physicians and their patients related to newborn hearing screening/follow-up. The following articles were published through the OK Pediatrician E-Newsletter: A publication of the Oklahoma Chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics (OKAAP).
Newsletters were sent to OKAAP members via email and stored at the following location: http://dev.graphicsofdistinction.com/okaap/okaap-newsletters/
According to the national AAP EHDI…
“Hearing loss is the most common congenital condition in the United States (US). Each year, an estimated 3 in 1,000 infants are born in the US with moderate, severe, or profound hearing loss resulting in delayed development in language, learning, and speech….Children who are deaf or hard of hearing face a potential developmental emergency and should be identified as quickly as possible so that appropriate intervention services can be started.”
To assist Oklahoma providers in 2017, additional articles will be provided to discuss topics including: Genetic Referrals, Hearing aids, Bone anchored hearing aids, FM Systems, and much more. Please let the Oklahoma Audiology Taskforce know of additional topics that you are interested in learning more about.
** SPECIAL NOTE: To receive a copy of the previous articles in this series, please send an email to NewBornScreen@health.ok.gov **
|1||National & Oklahoma Survey Results (Project Overview)||June 2014|
|2||Physician Levels of Trust||Sept-Oct 2014|
|3||Hearing Screenings in PCP Offices||Nov-Dec 2014|
|4||Confidence in Explaining the Newborn Hearing Screening Process||Jan-Feb 2015|
|5||Cochlear Implant Candidacy||March-April 2015|
|6||AAP EHDI Follow-up Steps||May-June 2015|
|7||Risk Factors and Delayed-Onset Hearing Loss||July-August 2015|
|8||Mild and Unilateral Hearing Loss||Sept-Oct 2015|
|9||Children with Hearing Loss: Age of Diagnosis Matters!||Nov-Dec 2015|
|10||Recap on the last 18 months of OKAAP Collaboration||Jan-Feb 2016|
|11||Degrees of Hearing Loss in Children||March-April 2016|
|12||Impact of HL on Speech Language||May-June 2016|
|13||Early Intervention for Children with Hearing Loss||July-August 2016|
|14||Communication Methods for Children with Hearing Loss (Overview)||Sept-Oct 2016|
|15||Communication Methods for Children with Hearing Loss (Details)||Nov-Dec 2016|